Dual Blackbody Wide FOV

Model 13323 dual blackbody, all reflective background IR target projector is used to characterize WFOV IR sensor systems. It features a broadband, 3 to 14 micron range, reflective IR target technology for the most accurate and stable differential targets, controlled background radiance, a 5º FOV with 36º uniform background.

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  • Broadband, 3 to 14 microns
  • Reflective IR target technology for the most accurate and stable differential targets
  • Controlled background radiance
  • Folded optical path incorporating reflected background
  • 5º FOV with 36º uniform background
  • Supports all standard IR system level tests
  • Manual and automated operation


Reflective vs Emissive

The state of the art has progressed quite quickly over the last decade in the field of IR imagers. Better thermal and spatial resolution have placed greater demands on the test systems used to characterize these imagers. Higher frequency targets that are thermally stable and uniform are needed to properly test the full capabilities of today’s imaging systems. Standard IR target projectors use emissive targets that cannot provide the level of performance required.

Limitations of standard target projectors

Two basic issues exist with emissive targets, the inability to fabricate targets with a uniform emissivity and the uncharacterized and unstable temperature gradients across the target and target holder (target wheel, etc.).

  • Non-uniform Emissivity


A coating with a high structural content is applied to emissive targets to provide a low reflectance, high emissivity surface. Structural content is a component in creating high emissivity surfaces. In most applications this coating works well and is the industry standard.  High resolution cameras now have the capability to resolve this structure and therefore the non-uniformity it can introduce across the target.

Un-even or inconsistent application of the coating is another source of non-uniformity that limits the performance of the emissive targets.

  • Temperature Gradients


The standard emissive targets are manufactured with “holes” cut through pieces of thin metal either by an etching process or laser cutting. The thin metal pieces or target masks are then mounted to a target frame. This assembly is then mounted into a target wheel or holder. Thermal mass varies greatly from the center of the target (target pattern) to the edge of the target frame and even more to the edge of the target wheel or target holder. As ambient temperature changes, even by small amounts (±2ºC is very good for a typical laboratory environment) thermal non-uniformities will become apparent in the target. The low thermal mass of the center of the target will change temperature faster than the higher thermal mass of the target frame, target wheel or target holder. The temperature sensor used to monitor the target temperature will not track the temperature gradient in the target and will provide inaccurate temperature measurements to the controller. The net result is a thermally non-uniform and unstable target.  These problems have always been present in the standard target projectors, they were not understood or characterized until recently.

The thermal and emissivity problems inherent in a target projector that uses emissive targets create unacceptable uncertainties when trying to test high performance thermal imagers. Both of these problems are eliminated with the use of the SBIR reflective target technology.

Reflective Focal Plane/Reflective Target Technology

The 13323 utilizes a large aperture, wide field of view off-axis collimator design that incorporates a unique tilted focal plane. The tilt in the focal plane allows the use of reflective targets that reflect a uniform, controlled background (blackbody) into the scene.  

Temperature uniformity of the target is no longer important. The reflective target reflects background radiance from a uniform and stable background blackbody to the UUT.

Non-uniformity due to structure on the surface of the target is not an issue with reflective targets. The surface of the reflective target is essentially a mirror and the background blackbody is mounted out of focus in the optical system so the plate is “blurred,” effectively removing any small local non-uniformities.  A thermal sensor is mounted directly in the background blackbody making background energy calibration very easy and extremely accurate.

Collimator Type Off-Axis Newtonian
Clear Aperture Size      9 inches
Focal Length 30 inches
OAP Coating Protected Aluminum


OAP Surface Accuracy at 633 nm 1/8 Wave
Target Wheel 12 Position, 3" Diameter, 0.001" Positional Repeabability
Blackbody Sizes 4” & 6” sources
Standard Temperature Range A      -25ºC to +75ºC ΔT, 0ºC to 100ºC Absolute
Emissivity (Average) > 0.970 (3µm to 5.5µm), > 0.950 (8µm to 14µm)

>98% of Tset – Tambient or 0.10ºC whichever is greater, over 90% of the emitting surface area

Absolute Accuracy ±0.010ºC for 0ºC<T<50ºC or ±0.0005 (T-25) elsewhere
Differential Accuracy ±√[(T1 error)2+(T2 error)2] where error is ±0.010ºC
for 0ºC<T<50ºC and ±(T-25)(0.0005) elsewhere

σT≤0.001ºC (0ºC to 50ºC), σT≤0.002ºC (-40ºC to 0ºC and 50ºC to 100ºC),
σT≤0.003ºC (110ºC to 175ºC)

Display Resolution 0.001ºC or 0.0001ºC
Setpoint Resolution 0.001ºC
Ready Indicator Selectable ±0.001ºC to ±5.000ºC
Approximate Heating Rate +0.40ºC/sec. at 25ºC
Approximate Cooling Rate -0.20ºC/sec. at 25ºC
Settling Time <45 seconds
Operating Temperature 0˚C to 50˚C
Storage Temperature -20˚C to 70˚C
Relative Humidity 5% to 95%, non-condensing
Power Requirements 100-120/220-240 VAC at 60/50Hz
Maximum Power Consumption 850W-1600W depending on size and temperature range
Approximate Blackbody Weight DB-04—15 lbs., DB-06—25.0 lbs., DB-08—40.0 lbs., DB-12—50 lbs.
Approximate Controller Weight 15.0 lbs.


    1)Slew rate for 4” model shown. Slew rates vary depending on blackbody size and environmental conditions

* Specifications subject to change without prior notice

Please contact SBIR at (805) 965-3669 for ordering information.

Please contact SBIR at (805) 965-3669 for ordering information.

Information subject to change without notice.